Cultural diversity has strong links to the Australian Curriculum. Under the general capabilities of the curriculum, there is an area called intercultural understanding. There are 3 key ideas to this capability, the first is to recognise culture and develop respect for each culture. This area allows students to investigate culture and cultural identity, explore and compare cultural knowledge and beliefs (ACARA, 2014). The second area is to interact and empathise with others, this element comes into play when students are exposed to different cultural groups. It encourages them to communicate across cultures and to develop different perspectives to be able to empathise with others (ACARA, 2014). The last area is to be able to reflect on intercultural experiences and taking responsibility. This element allows students to think about how culture is influenced by experience. Through this they are able to be a recognised and reconcile differing views and perspectives (ACARA, 2014). The issue of cultural diversity underpins the on of the general capabilities in the curriculum. As all our curriculum is derived from the Australian Curriculum, it is important for teachers to realise there is actually a section in the curriculum devoted to the understanding of different cultures. This intercultural understanding is also integrated into the curriculum, this can be identified by the sign that is given to this the intercultural understanding.
EARLY YEARS LEARNING FRAMEWORK
The Early Years Learning Framework (EYLF) aims to create childhood to be a time of belonging, being and becoming (DEEWR, 2009). Belonging talks about the need of everyone to feel like they are part of a certain family, community, culture and place. This is no different from a child, belonging aims to let the child feel like they belong through the relationships created in the different parts of their lives. Being is about being in the present, allowing children to just play, explore and just have fun. Becoming is based on the learning and development that takes place such as their sense of identity (DEEWR, 2009). The EYLF aims to achieve this through five learning goals, these are a strong sense of identity, connections with their world, a strong sense of well being, confidence and involvement in their learning and effective communication. The three B’s and the five learning goals created by the EYLF in linked to the issue of cultural diversity. Belonging is an important pillar in a child’s life, for children who has moved from a total different cultural it is even more important for them to feel the sense of belonging in their new country.